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Estonia


Estonia map

Area: total: 45,226 sq km
land: 43,211 sq km
water: 2,015 sq km
note: includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea

Climate: maritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers





Terrain: marshy, lowlands flat in the north, hilly in the south

Natural resources: oil shale, peat, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud

Population: 1,307,605 [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 14.9% [male 100,143/female 94,450]
15-64 years: 67.5% [male 420,896/female 462,072]
65 years and over: 17.6% [male 76,171/female 153,873] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: Estonian[s]
adjective: Estonian

Ethnic groups: Estonian 67.9%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belarusian 1.3%, Finn 0.9%, other 2.2% [2000 census]

Languages: Estonian [official] 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% [2000 census]

Capital: name: Tallinn
geographic coordinates: 59 26 N, 24 43 E
time difference: UTC+2 [7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time]
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March ends last Sunday in October

National holiday: Independence Day, 24 February [1918] note - 24 February 1918 was the date Estonia declared its independence from Soviet Russia 20 August 1991 was the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union