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Thailand


Area: total: 514,000 sq km
land: 511,770 sq km
water: 2,230 sq km

Climate: tropical rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon [mid-May to September] dry, cool northeast monsoon [November to mid-March] southern isthmus always hot and humid





Terrain: central plain Khorat Plateau in the east mountains elsewhere

Natural resources: tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

Population: 65,493,298
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.2% [male 7,104,776/female 6,781,453]
15-64 years: 70.3% [male 22,763,274/female 23,304,793]
65 years and over: 8.5% [male 2,516,721/female 3,022,281] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: Thai [singular and plural]
adjective: Thai

Ethnic groups: Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%

Languages: Thai, English [secondary language of the elite], ethnic and regional dialects

Capital: name: Bangkok
geographic coordinates: 13 45 N, 100 31 E
time difference: UTC+7 [12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time]

National holiday: Birthday of King PHUMIPHON [BHUMIBOL], 5 December [1927]