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UK


UK map

Area: total: 244,820 sq km
land: 241,590 sq km
water: 3,230 sq km
note: includes Rockall and Shetland Islands

Climate: temperate moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current more than one-half of the days are overcast





Terrain: mostly rugged hills and low mountains level to rolling plains in east and southeast

Natural resources: coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land

Population: 60,943,912 [July 2008 est.]

Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.9% [male 5,287,590/female 5,036,881]
15-64 years: 67.1% [male 20,698,645/female 20,185,040]
65 years and over: 16% [male 4,186,561/female 5,549,195] [2008 est.]

Nationality: noun: Briton[s], British [collective plural]
adjective: British

Ethnic groups: white [of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%] 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6% [2001 census]

Languages: English, Welsh [about 26% of the population of Wales], Scottish form of Gaelic [about 60,000 in Scotland]

Capital: name: London
geographic coordinates: 51 30 N, 0 10 W
time difference: UTC 0 [5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time]
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March ends last Sunday in October

National holiday: the UK does not celebrate one particular national holiday